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Datum objave: 15.08.2017
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British Museum exhibition to showcase communist currencies

The Currency of Communism British Museum 19 Oct 2017 – 18 Mar 2018

Arif Heralić

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arif_Heralić

Arif Heralić (5 May 1922 – 17 June 1971) was a Bosnian Roma metal worker on a blast furnace in Zenica. He had 11 children and issues with alcoholism and mental illness.As a disabled worker, Heralić died in extreme poverty in 1971.

His picture was taken by N. Bibić, a Borba news photographer, in 1954 and from the papers he came to feature on a 1,000 Yugoslav dinar banknote issued from 1955 to 1981, redominated to ten new dinars since 1965. He is still (as of 2013) popular as an icon of industrial worker in the former Yugoslavia.

https://bs.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arif_Heralić#/media/File:1000din-1963.jpg

Počinje obilježavanje 100 godina Oktobarske revolucije

http://www.portalanalitika.me/clanak/256530/pocinje-obiljezavanje-100-godina-oktobarske-revolucije

Niz je kulturnih događaja tokom 2017. obilježiće stotu godišnjicu Oktobarske revolucije, a planiraju ih brojne institucije: od londonske Kraljevske akademije do njujorškog muzeja MoMA

Berlinski teatar „Hebbel am Ufer“ će predstavama tokom čitave godine obilježavati ovaj jubilej, uz naziv „Utopijske realnosti - 100 godina s Aleksandrom Kolontaj“ prema toj ruskoj revolucionarki. Kako dalje navode, istražuju na koji se način „odvijao politički i umjetnički razvoj“ nakon 1917. i koje je danas značenje ove revolucije. Posebno im je inspirativna Aleksandra Kolontaj, koja je „svoje tijelo, ljubav i seksualnost pretvorila u političku temu, razvijajući nove modele porodice“.Kraljevska akademija u Londonu, za 9. februar priprema izložbu „Revolucija: Ruska umjetnost 1917 -1932“. U navedenom se periodu, kako navode, dogodila se jedna od najvažnijih prelomnih tačaka u svjetskoj istoriji umjetnosti. Ruska umjetnost tog doba pomijerala je granice, a na jednom mjestu, u epohi koja je „označila kraj vijeka carske vladavine i izmijenila rusko društvo iz korijena“, djelovali Vasilij Kandinski, Kazimir Maljevič, Mark Šagal i Aleksandar Rodčenko. Oni su istraživali i raspravljali o tome što bi to trebalo da bude „umjetnost za narod“. Ipak, optimizam nije dugo trajao, jer je 1932. Staljin naredio okretanje umjetnosti ka socrealizmu. Zato se, kako navode iz Akademije, „koncentririšu na petnaest godina velike kreativne slobode, kada su mogućnosti izgledale bezgranične, a ruska umjetnost procvjetala u svakom dostupnom umjetničkom mediju“. Prvi put će „na istom mjestu pokazati hrabre inovacije Vasilija Kandinskog, dinamičke apstrakcije Maljeviča i suprematista, te pojavu socrealizma. Biće izložene fotografije, skulpture, filmovi Sergeja Ajzenštajna i propagandni plakati iz zlatnog doba grafičkog dizajna. Potom, pokazaće i svakodnevicu, kako se živjelo u stanovima te, na primjer, bonove za obroke i sovjetski porculan. Pokazuju, najavljuju „i idealističke težnje i tešku realnost“.U njujorškoj je MoMA-i već otvorena izložba „Revolucionarni impuls: Uspon ruske avangarde“, koja obuhvata period između 1912. i 1935, do razdoblja kada je socrealizam od države proglašen jedinim prihvatljivim stilom. U Njujorku su izloženi i umjetnici El Lisicki, Natalija Gončarova, ali i pjesme Vladimira Majakovskog. Kustosi uz izložbu navode kako su željeli da „obilježe jedan od najvažnijih trenutaka u istoriji umjetnosti, nevjerovatnu kreativnost koja se pojavila u to doba i nastojanje umjetnika da utiču na sociopolitičke transformacije“. Odnosno - njihovo vjerovanje da umjetnošću mogu da promijene svijet.Ponovno u Londonu, ali ovog puta u Britanskoj biblioteci u aprilu se otvara izložba „Sloboda i revolucija: Rusija 1917“. Želja im je da njome daju „svjež pogled na Revoluciju i prvu socijalističku državu“. Među izloženim predmetima najavljuju i dnevnik Nikolaja Aleksandroviča Romanova, posljednjeg ruskog cara, kao i govor Lava Trockog.

U amsterdamskom Ermitažu, 4. februara se otvara izložba „Romanovi i revolucija“, na kojoj će, pak, biti izložen dnevnik supruge Nikolaja II, Aleksandre, potom jedno od oružja kojim je porodica ubijena, Raspućinova pisma utjehe, crteži djece Romanovih, igračke kojima su se igrali... I amsterdamska i londonska institucija smatraju kako će se izložbama jasno pokazati „koje su careve odluke dovele do neizbježne revolucije i kraja 300-godišnje vladavine porodice Romanov“.U novembru se u Lisabonu planira međunarodni kongres „Karl Marks“. Teme su: revolucija svakodnevice, kulturna revolucija, novi tip moći, politika, ekonomije, a među gostujućim predavačima su Alberto Toskano i Jurij Slezkin.Revolucionarni pokret, koja je počeo u februaru, kulminirao je u deset dana oktobra, zbacivanjem carske

British Museum exhibition to showcase communist currencies

https://www.theguardian.com/culture/2017/aug/14/british-museum-exhibition-communist-currencies-russian-revolution

Museum will mark 100th anniversary of Russian Revolution, with posters, medals and banknotes carrying ‘glorious designs’

They are banknotes that show cheerful farm workers, enthusiastic soldiers and committed intellectuals as well as foundries, factories, fields, dams, lorries, railways and guns – and they are as aesthetically pleasing as any of the world’s currencies, a new exhibition hopes to show.

The British Museum is to mark the 100th anniversary of the Russian Revolution by staging its first exhibition on communist currency.

There will be posters, medals, bonds, coins and banknotes that show bountiful agricultural productivity, major industrial progress and unmatched military prowess. “I think they are beautiful,” said the curator, Tom Hockenhull. “Especially compared to western notes of the same period, these are far nicer, far prettier.

“Even though the currencies were devalued and people were told they weren’t worth anything, the banknotes, in particular, carry some of the most glorious designs that have ever been committed to paper.”

Helped by money from the Art Fund, Hockenhull has been researching and acquiring communist currency to fill gaps in the museum’s extensive money collections.

Examples of notes on display will include a 1975 100-shilling note from Somalia, which shines light on what the state expected of women. (Everything.) It shows a woman holding a gun, a shovel and a baby. “It is saying to women you can do whatever you want, you can take on all these different roles, but you’ve still got to do all this,” said Hockenhull.

There will be a Yugoslavian banknote featuring the smiling, handsome epitome of a good, hardworking foundry worker, Arif Heralić. Heralić was part of a group of workers photographed at their blast furnace workplace in Zenica in 1954. His face stood out and the heroic image of the father-of-11 was used on Yugoslavian banknotes for more than two decades. The true story of Heralić is rather less inspiring, in that he struggled with alcoholism and died penniless in 1971.

A 1980 50-yuan note from China shows the people leading the development of a modern China: a farmhand, an industrial worker and an intellectual.

The exhibition will explore how money worked under communism and its central conundrum. “Under communism, under Marxist theory, there should be no money,” said Hockenhull. “It is a social construct, it should not exist. But it is never abolished ... no state ever successfully eliminated it.”

No good Marxist would ever want a state with money but communist economies had it and the notes were so much more interesting than western ones. “It tends to follow – not always – that the most stable economies have the most boring notes, it is just the way it is,” said Hockenhull, pointing out that the US had not updated its dollar since 1962 and that it was not very different from the 1862 design.

“It is only when you have a different political agenda that you change things ... money had a different role under communism and therefore it had to look different.” A form of communism has been brought to about 20 countries around the world since 1917 and all had a currency.

Often the state’s contempt for its currency was overt. The British Museum display will include coins used in East Germany, made from aluminium and therefore absurdly light in weight to show how little value they were.

There will be a banknote from Cuba signed by the national bank president, Ernesto Guevara. He was so appalled at having to sign it he used his nickname, Che, as a way of signifying his contempt for money. “It was his two fingers to capitalism,” said Hockenhull.

Among the posters reproduced for the show will be a USSR advert for the state savings bank that avoids any mention of benefits, such as an interest rate, because the accounts were meant as a benefit to the state, not an individual. A better way of rewarding people was with medals, which followed Stalin’s statement that the “Soviet people have mastered a new way of measuring the value of people … not in roubles, not in dollars [but] according to their heroic feats”.

One example in the show will be the Mother Heroine of the Soviet Union gold medal given to women who had 10 or more children.

Another will be an Order of Labour Glory medal issued by the USSR in Ukraine in 1985. Recipients of all three classes of the order also received a pension increase, priority on the state housing list, free public transport, a free annual pass to a sanatorium and one first-class round trip flight per year.

Hockenhull, the museum’s curator of modern currency, said it had proved a huge and rewarding subject to research. “It has been fascinating. I’m English – I grew up in a capitalist society. It has been a window into a completely different world and different way of looking at things.”

The Currency of Communism   British Museum

19 Oct 2017 – 18 Mar 2018

https://www.artfund.org/what-to-see/exhibitions/2017/10/19/currency-communism

In a society where money isn’t supposed to exist, what do people value, and how is that communicated? Explore these questions and more in a fascinating display in Room 69a.

Bringing together strikingly designed banknotes and coins with posters, advertising and other documents from socialist and post-socialist governed countries, new exhibition The Currency of Communism also explores the ‘shadow economy’ that typically takes root when a national currency is devalued – and where commodities like vodka, glassware and Western goods become powerful objects of trade.

Supported by an Art Fund New Collecting Award, the show’s young curator Tom Hockenhull has acquired a wide variety of artefacts that illuminate a highly nuanced narrative, where money is only half the story – for example, items on display include civilian medals and honours, which became one of several substitutes for monetary reward under the Communist system.

Hockenhull has said that his aim with the exhibition is for visitors to ask themselves what they value, and why. With around 100 items on show, it seems an apt final chapter in this centenary year of the Russian Revolution.

Don't miss

As well as offering insight into the political messages of the time, many of the banknotes boast stunning designs – for example, the 100 and 5,000 dinar notes of Yugoslavia from the early 1950s.

Od avangarde do socrealizma

http://www.seecult.org/vest/od-avangarde-do-socrealizma

Showcase: Russian Art at the Royal Academy

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_4dOtyx8Xd0

In 1917 the Bolsheviks overthrew Russia's Tsar. It was the beginning of a Soviet Union that became increasingly hostile towards the arts. But now, to mark one hundred years since the Revolution, London's Royal Academy is putting on a show of art from that period. Belle Lupton went along to learn more.

Exhibition marks 100 years since Russian Revolution

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PX-x4DpXVLU

Russian Constructivism

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mQURCU6jN58

'Revolution: Russian Art 1917-1932' trailer

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zcp3jeJQgQs

REVOLUTION: New Art For A New World (Documentary) - TRAILER

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ShSD-3TLuxg

Summer Exhibition 2017

https://www.royalacademy.org.uk/exhibitions-and-events

Summer Exhibition 2017   13 June — 20 August 2017

https://www.royalacademy.org.uk/exhibition/summer-exhibition-2017

Everything you’ll see at the Summer Exhibition represents the art being made today. Expect to find a panorama of art in all media, from painting, printmaking, film and photography to sculpture, architectural works and performance art.

Almost 250 years ago, the RA’s founding members agreed to hold an “Annual Exhibition of Paintings, Sculptures and Designs … open to all Artists”, to help finance the training of young artists in the Royal Academy Schools. Now, nearly 250 years later, ahead of our big anniversary in 2018, Royal Academician Eileen Cooper, explores themes of discovery and new talent from her unique position as Keeper of the Royal Academy – the Academician who is responsible for supporting and guiding the students.

Cooper takes on the mantle of coordinating the largest open submission exhibition in the world, hanging over 1,200 works by artists established and lesser-known in the space of just eight days. Don’t miss work by internationally renowned artists Rosemarie Trockel, Julian Schnabel, Hassan Hajjaj, Secundino Hernández, Isaac Julien, Tomoaki Suzuki, Mark Wallinger and Sean Scully RA, as well as submissions by new Royal Academicians including Gilbert & George and David Adjaye. Other highlights include Yinka Shonibare RA’s six metre high colourful wind sculpture in the RA Courtyard, and Farshid Moussavi RA’s unique focus on construction coordination drawings in the Architecture Gallery.

All ticket prices include £3.50 for a printed list of works.

A walk through the Summer Exhibition 2017

https://www.royalacademy.org.uk/exhibition/summer-exhibition-2017

Take a look inside this year’s Summer Exhibition, coordinated by Eileen Cooper RA

Royal Academy's Summer Exhibition showcases the world

https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2017/jun/08/royal-academy-summer-exhibition-tracey-emin-cornelia-parker-drc-peru-spain-india  

British Museum exhibition to showcase communist currencies

https://www.theguardian.com/culture/2017/aug/14/british-museum-exhibition-communist-currencies-russian-revolution


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Kategorije: Vizualne umjetnosti
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