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Datum objave: 10.02.2019

Christian Herter March 28, 1895 – December 30, 1966

Herter was the last serving Secretary of State born in the 19th century.

Christian Herter

Christian Archibald Herter (March 28, 1895 – December 30, 1966) was an American politician who was the 59th Governor of Massachusetts from 1953 to 1957 and United States Secretary of State from 1959 to 1961.

He was made attaché to the Embassy of the United States, Berlin, and he was briefly arrested while in Mainz as a possible spy. He was part of the US delegation to the 1919 Paris Peace Conference, where he helped draft the Covenant of the League of Nations. Later, he was the assistant to Herbert Hoover when he was instrumental in providing starvation relief to postwar Europe. Herter went on to work for Hoover when Hoover became Secretary of Commerce in the Harding Administration. Herter also participated in the 1919 meeting that resulted in the U.S. Council on Foreign Relations.

Herter hated working for the scandal-ridden administration of President Warren Harding, and returned to Boston, where he was a magazine editor and lecturer on international affairs

On February 21, 1957, Herter was appointed Under Secretary of State for the second term of the Eisenhower administration; later, when John Foster Dulles became seriously ill, he was appointed Secretary of State, April 22, 1959. Dulles died a month later. Herter received the Medal of Freedom in 1961.

As an unemployed "elder statesman" after the election of 1960, Herter served on various councils and commissions, and was a special representative for trade negotiations, working for both John F. Kennedy and Lyndon Johnson until his death.

He died on December 30, 1966 at his home in Washington, DC, at the age of 71. He is buried at the Prospect Hill Cemetery in Millis, Massachusetts.

Secretary Herter was also an active freemason. He was a member of the Grand Lodge of Ancient Free and Accepted Masons of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.

Christian Herter's lifetime reputation was as an internationalist, especially interested in improving political and economic relations with Europe.

In 1943, with Paul Nitze (a distant cousin by marriage), Herter co-founded the School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), which incorporated with the Johns Hopkins University in 1950. Today, the graduate school has campuses in Washington, D.C., Bologna, Italy, and Nanjing, China, and is recognized as a world leader in international relations, economics, and policy studies.

In 1968, the American Foreign Service Association established its Christian A. Herter Award to honor senior diplomats who speak out or otherwise challenge the status quo. In 1948 Herter received an LL.D. from Bates College.

The World Affairs Council of Boston ("WorldBoston" as of 2002), which Christian Herter helped organize in the 1940s, also has a Christian A. Herter Award honoring individual contributions to international relations. The Christian A. Herter Memorial Scholarship Program is a sponsored by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts to recruit 10th and 11th grade students whose socio-economic backgrounds and environmental conditions may inhibit their ability to pursue higher education. Each year, 25 students in the 10th and 11th grades are selected to receive awards of up to 50 percent (50%) of their calculated need at the college of their choice within the continental United States.

Herter Park in the Brighton neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts is named in Herter's honor. His great-grandson, John Herter, currently resides in the Commonwealth. A University of Massachusetts Amherst building devoted to the teaching of history and other liberal arts is named "Herter Hall" after the statesman as well.

Herter was the last serving Secretary of State born in the 19th century.

Herter was a first cousin of the painter Christine Herter Kendall, and was therefore related by marriage to her husband, the painter William Kendall



Joseph M.A.H. Luns;Christian A. Herter [& Wife];Paul Henri Spaak

Christian Herter (2L), Joseph Luns (C), and Paul Spaak (3R) at NATO's minister conference. (Photo by Ed Clark/The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images)

Christian Archibald Herter

Mary Caroline Pratt Herter  1895–1980

Mary Caroline (Pratt) Herter (1895 - 1980)

Mary Caroline Herter formerly Pratt

Born 1895 [location unknown]

Daughter of [father unknown] and [mother unknown]

Wife of Christian Archibald Herter — married 25 Aug 1917 in Glen Cove, New York, USA

Mother of Christian Archibald Herter Jr. and Eliot Miles Herter

Died 1980

Children  Christian A. Herter 1919–2007

Mr. Herter’s marriages to Suzanne Clery (later Treadway) and Susan Cable ended in divorce. He was survived by his wife, the former Catherine Hooker, two brothers, a sister, three children from his marriage to Treadway, four stepchildren, 16 grandchildren and step-grandchildren, and two great-grandchildren. Herter died at his home in Washington D.C. of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease on September 16, 2007. He was 88 years old.

Eliot Miles Herter  1929–2012

BIRTH            22 Feb 1929  Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, USA DEATH 3 Dec 2012 (aged 83)

Manchester-by-the-Sea, Essex County, Massachusetts, USA

BURIAL          Unknow

Parents  Christian Archibald Herter  1895–1966

Mary Caroline Pratt Herter  1895–1980

Siblings Christian A. Herter 1919–2007

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