Autor: admin
Datum objave: 30.12.2018

Extra Security Expected for Brazil’s Bolsonaro Inauguration

While most Brazilians make plans for New Year’s Eve and Day, a select group of people are working around the clock to assure that the inauguration of President-elect, Jair Bolsonaro, on January 1st, runs smoothly and without incidence

Extra Security Expected for Brazil’s Bolsonaro Inauguration

RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL – While most Brazilians make plans for New Year’s Eve and Day, a select group of people are working around the clock to assure that the inauguration of President-elect, Jair Bolsonaro, on January 1st, runs smoothly and without incidence.

Additional security measures have been taken to guarantee Bolsonaro’s safety since the attempt on his life in early October.

“We have never had a president who, during the campaign, has suffered an assassination attempt. This never happened. This suggests, for those who are responsible for their safety, caution,” Minister of the Institutional Security Office (GSI), General Sérgio Etchegoyen, told reporters this week.

The Planalto Palace estimates that Bolsonaro’s inauguration will attract between 250,000 and 500,000 people to the Esplanada dos Ministérios (Ministry Mall). Pedestrian access will be made exclusively by bus, and in the Mall there will be four security points.

According to General Etchegoyen, it has yet not been decided whether Bolsonaro will parade in an open car. “It [the decision] will depend on the circumstances.”

Bolsonaro’s security has been a major concern for the president-elect’s team since he stabbed at a campaign rally on September 6th in Juiz de Fora (state of Minas Gerais) less than a month before the first round of elections.

And despite the unfavorable day for inauguration, several foreign delegations have already accepted the invitation.

Presidents from neighboring countries such as Maurício Macri (Argentina), Sebastián Piñera (Chile), Mario Abdo Benítez (Paraguay), Tabaré Vázquez (Uruguay), Iván Duque Márquez (Colombia) and Marín Vizcarra (Peru) have already confirmed their presence. Also expected to attend are Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, United States Secretary of State, Mike Pompeo, and the president of Portugal, Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa. China’s Foreign Ministry said it would send deputy chairman of the Standing Committee of the People’s Assembly (Parliament), Ji Bingxuan as its representative.

The list of those not coming, however, is what has made headlines in the last few days. Last week, spokesperson for Bolsonaro said that leaders from both Venezuela and Cuba were not invited to the inauguration. A few days later, future foreign minister, Ernesto Araujo, announced that Nicaragua’s president was also not invited.

According to the new administration those who do not ‘practice democracy’ in their country will not participate in Brazil’s ‘changing of the guard’.

In all, the expectation is that approximately sixty foreign delegations will attend the inauguration.

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Who is Jair Bolsonaro? Brazil's far-right president in his own words

Jair Bolsonaro is a deeply polarising figure who rose from political irrelevance – and survived a near-fatal eve-of-election assassination attempt – to become the leader of Latin America’s biggest economy in little more than two years.

He has praised Pinochet, expressed support for torturers and called for political opponents to be shot, earning him the label of “the most misogynistic, hateful elected official in the democratic world”.

But he built a successful campaign on fear over rising violent crime, anger over repeated corruption scandals and an efficient social media operation.

“To his supporters Bolsonaro represents law and order and that’s a very compelling message in a country with 60,000 homicides a year and the biggest corruption scandal ever detected anywhere,” Brian Winter, the editor-in-chief of Americas Quarterly, told the Guardian earlier this year.

Jair Bolsonaro

Jair Messias Bolsonaro (Brazilian Portuguese: [ʒaˈiʁ meˈsi.ɐz bowsoˈnaɾu] or [ʒaˈiɾ]; born 21 March 1955) is a Brazilian politician and retired military officer who is the President-elect of Brazil. He has served as a member of the Chamber of Deputies, representing the state of Rio de Janeiro, since 1991. He is a member of the Social Liberal Party (PSL), and will assume office for his four-year term as president on 1 January 2019, succeeding Michel Temer.

Born in the small town of Glicério, in the northwest of the state of São Paulo, Bolsonaro graduated from the Agulhas Negras Military Academy in 1977 and served in the Brazilian Army's field artillery and parachutist groups. He became known to the public in 1986, when he penned an article for Veja magazine criticizing low wages for military officials, after which he was arrested and detained for fifteen days despite receiving letters of support from peers in the army; he was acquitted two years later.

Bolsonaro joined the reserve army in 1988 with the rank of captain and ran for the Rio de Janeiro City Council that year, being elected as a member of the Christian Democratic Party. He was elected in 1990 to the lower chamber of Congress and was subsequently re-elected six times. During his 27-year tenure as a congressman, Bolsonaro became known for his strong support of national conservatism. He is a vocal opponent of same-sex marriage and homosexuality, abortion, affirmative action, drug liberalization and secularism. In foreign policy, he has advocated closer relations to the United States and Israel. During the 2018 presidential campaign, he started to advocate for economic liberal and pro-market policies. A polarizing and controversial politician, his views and comments, which have been described as far-right and conservative in nature, have drawn both praise and criticism in Brazil. Bolsonaro announced his pre-candidacy for president in March 2016 as a member of the Social Christian Party. However, he left the party in 2018 and joined the Social Liberal Party, which launched his presidential campaign in August 2018 with retired general Hamilton Mourão as his running mate. He portrays himself as an outsider and a supporter of family values. He came in first place in the first round of the general election on 7 October 2018, with PT candidate Fernando Haddad coming in second place. The two candidates faced again on 28 October 2018, and Bolsonaro was elected with 55% of the popular vote.

Bolsonaro is married to his third wife and has five children. His first wife was Rogéria Bolsonaro (with whom he has three sons: Flávio, Carlos and Eduardo). His second marriage was with Ana Cristina (with whom he has one son, Renan). His third and current wife is Michelle de Paula Firmo Reinaldo Bolsonaro, with whom he has a daughter, Laura. While working in Congress, Jair Bolsonaro hired his wife, Michelle, as a secretary and over the next two years she received unusual promotions and her salary more than tripled. He was forced to fire her after the Supreme Federal Court ruled that nepotism is illegal in the public administration. As of 2016, Bolsonaro and his wife lived in Barra da Tijuca, Rio de Janeiro,_2018.jpg

Jair Bolsonaro

'tropski Trump'

Jair Bolsonaro’s shake-up echoes beyond Brazil’s borders

 Jair Bolsonaro, left. and Mauricio Macri © AF

When Argentina’s centre-right government modified regulations to enable security forces to shoot criminals fleeing arrest this month, it triggered alarm in a country that still has clear memories of its savage 1976-83 military dictatorship.

President Mauricio Macri seemed to be taking a leaf from the playbook of Jair Bolsonaro, Brazil’s president-elect, who won notoriety during his campaign for provocative comments such as endorsing torture and defending his country’s two decades of military rule.

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