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Datum objave: 27.02.2019
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Los puntos clave de la nueva cumbre entre Donald Trump y Kim Jong-un

Trump ha tratado de rebajar las expectativas antes de la cumbre, al asegurar que 'no tiene prisa' en el proceso de desnuclearización de Corea del Norte

Los puntos clave de la nueva cumbre entre Donald Trump y Kim Jong-un

https://www.lafm.com.co/internacional/las-puntos-clave-de-la-nueva-cumbre-entre-donald-trump-y-kim-jong-un

Todo está listo para el inicio de la segunda Cumbre entre el presidente de EE.UU., Donald Trump y el líder norcoreano Kim Jong- Un, quienes iniciarán la agenda con una reunión privada y luego participarán de una cena en el hotel Sofitel Legend Metropole.

El saludo de ambos se dará a las 6:30 de la tarde, hora local, (6:30 a.m. Colombia), se reunirán 20 minutos a solas y luego pasarán  a departir de una cena de una hora y 35 minutos, en la que ambos tendrán a cuatro de sus asesores.

Estos son los temas centrales de esta segunda Cumbre

El significado del término "desnuclearización"

En su primera cumbre de Singapur de junio Trump y Kim acordaron "trabajar para la desnuclearización de la península coreana" al tiempo que Washington se comprometía a garantizar la supervivencia del régimen de Pionyang.

La falta de una hoja de ruta impidió desde entonces cualquier avance de peso y Washington, que con los meses ha parecido rebajar sus exigencias para que Pionyang implemente un desarme "total, verificable e irreversible", avanzó que en la cumbre buscaría establecer una "definición común" de lo que significa "desnuclearización".

Consulte: Maduro responsabiliza a Colombia por violencia en paso fronterizo

Fin de las sanciones y un principio de acuerdo de paz:

Todo apunta a que entre las "medidas correspondientes" con las que Washington incentivaría la desnuclearización norcoreana se contaría un fin de las sanciones que permita revivir proyectos de cooperación económica entre las dos Coreas y una declaración para dar portazo a la Guerra de Corea (1950-53), que concluyó con un alto el fuego.

Este documento alejaría para Pionyang la posibilidad de un ataque o invasión estadounidense y le brindaría esas "garantías de seguridad" que prometió Washington en Singapur.

Abrir la puerta a relaciones diplomáticas propiamente dichas:

La cita de Hanoi se podría saldar con un proceso para iniciar relaciones diplomáticas propiamente dichas entre ambos países tras 70 años de desencuentros.

EE.UU. nunca ha reconocido diplomáticamente la existencia de Corea del Norte desde que se fundó oficialmente en 1948 y con la que técnicamente sigue en guerra.

Se cree que la declaración conjunta podría incluir el establecimiento de "oficinas de enlace", misiones diplomáticas de grado menor que estarían encabezadas por un funcionario acreditado por las respectivas Cancillerías en vez de por las jefaturas de Estado (como es el caso de los embajadores propiamente dichos).

¿Qué se juega Trump en esta cumbre?

Trump ha tratado de rebajar las expectativas antes de la cumbre, al asegurar que "no tiene prisa" en el proceso de desnuclearización de Corea del Norte.

Pero ésta es la única gran apuesta diplomática de un presidente proclive al aislacionismo y las guerras comerciales, y le gustaría salir de Hanoi con un algún anuncio que le reivindicara como garante de la paz internacional e, incluso, como posible aspirante al Premio Nobel de la paz.

La cumbre con Kim también le ha dado a Trump un respiro en un momento políticamente complicado, con la investigación de la presunta injerencia rusa en las elecciones de 2016 a punto de concluir y las tensiones con la oposición demócrata a flor de piel debido a la batalla para financiar el muro con México.

¿Quiere Kim Jong-un iniciar un proceso de apertura económica en Corea del Norte?

En abril de 2018 Kim Jong-un anunció que daba por concluida la era del "Byungjin" (desarrollo paralelo de la economía y del programa armamentístico) que él mismo inauguró en 2013 y que el régimen pasaría a centrarse casi exclusivamente en el crecimiento económico del empobrecido país.

Este énfasis en el desarrollismo, la aparente voluntad de Kim de desmantelar su programa nuclear a cambio del levantamiento de sanciones o sus viajes desde 2018 a China, Singapur y Vietnam, cuyos avances económicos han sido alabados por la propaganda norcoreana, hacen pensar que el líder está dispuesto a aplicar reformas económicas.

Muchos analistas han señalado además el hecho de que esta cumbre tenga lugar en Vietnam, país comunista que desde los ochenta aplicó el proceso "doi moi" (cuyo objetivo era la creación de una economía de mercado de orientación socialista), y la posibilidad de que Kim lo explore como modelo aperturista.



Intelligent, Bright and Merciless: A North Korean Official’s Take on Kim Jong Un

https://indianexpress.com/article/world/north-korea-official-diplomat-thae-yong-ho-interview-kim-jong-un-5603748/

Kim Jong Un departs North Korea for Trump summit VIDEO

North Korean leader Kim Jong Un departs Pyongyang for his second summit with US President Donald Trump in Vietnam.

The diplomat, Thae Yong Ho, held embassy posts in Denmark, Sweden and Britain, before a daring escape to South Korea in 2016 with his wife and two sons. Today, he is a target for assassination and kidnapping and lives under the protection of the South Korean government


Donald Trump hails 'great leader' Kim Jong-un at Hanoi summit

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2019/feb/27/donald-trump-hails-great-leader-kim-jong-un-at-hanoi-summit

US president flatters North Korean counterpart and offers economic help if he disarms

Donald Trump and Kim Jong-un have begun their second summit, with the US president calling his North Korean counterpart “a great leader” and offering to help give his country a “tremendous future”.

The two leaders advanced towards each other and shook hands in front of a dozen US and North Korean flags, set up in the Metropole hotel in Hanoi, in a tableau almost identical to the backdrop at their first meeting, eight months ago in Singapore.

In his remarks to the press, Trump addressed criticism that the first summit had not lived up to his claims that it was a breakthrough that would lead to North Korea’s disarmament and end the nuclear threat the country posed.

Vietnam summit: Donald Trump and Kim Jong-un meet in Hanoi – live updates

 Read more

“It is an honour to be with Chairman Kim. It’s an honour to be together in a country, Vietnam, where they have rolled out the red carpet and they are very honoured to have us,” the US president told reporters as the two men sat alongside each other before brief introductory talks.

“It’s great to be with you. We had a very good first summit … Some people would like it to go quicker, but I’m satisfied. You’re satisfied. We want to be happy with what we’re doing.

“I thought the first summit was a great success. And I think this one hopefully will be equal or greater than the first. And we made a lot of progress … I think the biggest progress was our relationship, which is really a good one.”

Trump continued the approach he has pursued since Singapore, to flatter Kim and hold up the prospect of great prosperity for North Korea if he agreed to disarm.

“I think your country has tremendous economic potential – unbelievable, unlimited. I think you will have a tremendous future with your country – a great leader. And I look forward to watching it happen and helping it to happen,” he said.

In his own remarks, Kim returned the compliment, saying he “truly believes this successful summit is because of [the] courageous decision by Trump [to meet]”.

Since we last met, there has been some who misunderstood situation and some past hostilities, but we overcame that. A lot of patience is needed.”

After a few minutes of private conversation, the two leaders sat down to dinner at the hotel at a small round table with the US secretary of state, Mike Pompeo, and the acting White House chief of staff, Mick Mulvaney. Kim was accompanied by Kim Yong-chol, the vice-chairman of North Korea’s ruling party, and the foreign minister, Ri Yong-ho.

Trump said the main summit talks would take place on Wednesday and predicted there would be a press conference when they ended.

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Trump arrives in Hanoi, Vietnam, for summit with Kim Jong Un

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FYfdxccEQ7Y


Vietnam: Kim Jong-un arrives in Vietnam ahead of summit with Trump

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MxfsRxfdGt4


 Trump-Kim summit kicks off in Hanoi, Vietnam

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OtfAueQ_VGE


Donald Trump and Kim Jong-un meet in Vietnam - BBC News

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K27CKdkGUZ4



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