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The Age of Beloveds

Author(s): Walter G. Andrews, Mehmet Kalpakli

The Age of Beloveds

https://www.dukeupress.edu/the-age-of-beloveds

Love and the Beloved in Early-Modern Ottoman and European Culture and Society

Book  Pages: 440  Illustrations: 14 illus.

Published: January 2005

Author(s): Walter G. Andrews, Mehmet Kalpakli


Subjects History European History, Literature and Literary Studies  Literary Criticism, Pre-Modern Studies Medieval and Early Modern Studies


The Age of Beloveds offers a rich introduction to early modern Ottoman culture through a study of its beautiful lyric love poetry. At the same time, it suggests provocative cross-cultural parallels in the sociology and spirituality of love in Europe—from Istanbul to London—during the long sixteenth century. Walter G. Andrews and Mehmet Kalpakli provide a generous sampling of translations of Ottoman poems, many of which have never appeared in English, along with informative and inspired close readings. The authors explain that the flourishing of Ottoman power and culture during the “Turkish Renaissance” manifested itself, to some degree, as an “age of beloveds,” in which young men became the focal points for the desire and attention of powerful officeholders and artists as well as the inspiration for a rich literature of love.

The authors show that the “age of beloveds” was not just an Ottoman, eastern European, or Islamic phenomenon. It extended into western Europe as well, pervading the cultures of Venice, Florence, Rome, and London during the same period. Andrews and Kalpakli contend that in an age dominated by absolute rulers and troubled by war, cultural change, and religious upheaval, the attachments of dependent courtiers and the longings of anxious commoners aroused an intense interest in love and the beloved. The Age of Beloveds reveals new commonalities in the cultural history of two worlds long seen as radically different.

“The Age of Beloveds by Walter Andrews and Mehmet Kalpakli is perhaps one of the first works systematically analyzing sex, gender, and pleasure in ottoman society as they are represented in literature—including poetry and prose such as biographies, histories, and memoirs—produced during the early Ottoman era, beginning with the start of Ottoman rule in Constantinople and continuing to the early seventeenth century. . . . [I]t contributes immensely to the scholarship on Ottoman Turkish literature, culture, and intellectual history. . . . The Age of Beloveds offers compelling interpretations on various fronts of Ottoman cultural and literary history analyzed within a context of and in comparison to European societies of the same period. . . . The Age of Beloveds is a stimulating work of scholarship on Ottoman history as European cultural history.” — Fikret Turan, Journal of the History of Sexuality

“[The Age of the Beloveds] contributes significantly to the now growing recognition of the multiculturalism of the Mediterranean. . . . The analysis . . . has a refreshing tartness to it.” — L.R.N. Ashley , Bibliotheque D'humanisme & Renaissance

“The argument is cogent and welcome for its investigation of a rarely-treated topic in a broad context using nontraditional sources.” — Ali Anooshahr , Comitatus

“This book … challenges European historians to broaden their view and include the Ottoman Empire (and beyond?) in their understanding of such quintessentially European things as ‘the Renaissance’ and ‘mannerism.’… Their argument is multifaceted, disarming, well written, and full of novel connections and cogent examples.” — Robert Dankoff , Speculum

“This book by Walter G. Andrews and Mehmet Kalpakli is a provocative, engaging, and beautifully written study. . . .The authors deftly analyze poems while providing stories and fascinating details about the men and women who authored them. The book, however, is much more than a work of literary scholarship. The poems are thoughtfully contextualized amid the social, cultural, and political history of both the Ottoman Empire and Western Europe.” — Nancy Bisaha , American Historical Review

"The Age of Beloveds ventures compelling parallels between western Europe and the Ottoman Empire. . . . Even without the wide-ranging insights intelligently argues in this book, its presentation of . . . other narratives by Nev'izade Atayi, as well as writings by such poets as Ishak Celebi, Mirek'I Tabib, Hayali Bey, and Azizi Misri, will surely insure its influence in the field." — Mary Ellen Lamb, Studies in English Literature 1500-1900

"[A] fascinating and challenging interpretation of Ottoman poetry as a window into sexual-social relations in the East and West. . . . [B]y providing English translations of significant Ottoman poetry for the first time, [Andrews and Kalpakli] have done a major service for literary critics of the early modern period. Their explication of the texts is masterful and convincing." — Jonathan Grant , History Reviews of New Books

"[T]ruly a unique and remarkable achievement. Its subject . . . is . . . of great cultural and scientific importance. . . . Each of the book's eleven chapters is a marvel of conciseness and good writing. . . . Readers will have their horizons broadened in a way they would have thought impossible. . . . It is should be read by all interested in social history and its ramifications." — Alan D. Corré, Digest of Middle East Studies

"Curious readers will have been enticed by the illustrations and already noticed how the central chapters offer contextualized readings of Ottoman court poetry and illustrate key themes and their links to Renaissance culture in Italy, France, and England. . . . [T]he authors offer brilliant close readings of gazels by Baki and Hayali that show us how to read such works and appreciate the heteroglossic interplay which makes Ottoman court poetry so fascinating and beyond summary here." — Gerald Maclean , Times Literary Supplement

“The Age of Beloveds is a treasure and a masterpiece. With breathtakingly extensive original research, it is beautifully written, in a style both inviting and impressive. It is the fruit of a lifetime’s project to add Ottoman literature to the canons of world literature.” — Victoria Holbrook, author of The Unreadable Shores of Love: Turkish Modernity and Mystic Romance

“The Age of Beloveds is a unique and powerful book. There is nothing remotely like this out there and yet as one reads it one is struck by the dire need for the sort of basic information and insights it provides about the other half of the Mediterranean during the early modern period.” — María Rosa Menocal, author of Shards of Love: Exile and the Origins of the Lyric

“A wonderful and brave book that is so fun to read. . . . An astonishing account of love and the beloved where they intersect with sex, spirituality, politics and power. . . . Amazing!” — Orhan Pamuk, author My Name Is Red of the History of Sexuality

“[The Age of the Beloveds] contributes significantly to the now growing recognition of the multiculturalism of the Mediterranean. . . . The analysis . . . has a refreshing tartness to it.” — L.R.N. Ashley , Bibliotheque D'humanisme & Renaissance

“The argument is cogent and welcome for its investigation of a rarely-treated topic in a broad context using nontraditional sources.” — Ali Anooshahr , Comitatus

“This book … challenges European historians to broaden their view and include the Ottoman Empire (and beyond?) in their understanding of such quintessentially European things as ‘the Renaissance’ and ‘mannerism.’… Their argument is multifaceted, disarming, well written, and full of novel connections and cogent examples.” — Robert Dankoff , Speculum

“This book by Walter G. Andrews and Mehmet Kalpakli is a provocative, engaging, and beautifully written study. . . .The authors deftly analyze poems while providing stories and fascinating details about the men and women who authored them. The book, however, is much more than a work of literary scholarship. The poems are thoughtfully contextualized amid the social, cultural, and political history of both the Ottoman Empire and Western Europe.” — Nancy Bisaha , American Historical Review

"The Age of Beloveds ventures compelling parallels between western Europe and the Ottoman Empire. . . . Even without the wide-ranging insights intelligently argues in this book, its presentation of . . . other narratives by Nev'izade Atayi, as well as writings by such poets as Ishak Celebi, Mirek'I Tabib, Hayali Bey, and Azizi Misri, will surely insure its influence in the field." — Mary Ellen Lamb, Studies in English Literature 1500-1900

"[A] fascinating and challenging interpretation of Ottoman poetry as a window into sexual-social relations in the East and West. . . . [B]y providing English translations of significant Ottoman poetry for the first time, [Andrews and Kalpakli] have done a major service for literary critics of the early modern period. Their explication of the texts is masterful and convincing." — Jonathan Grant , History Reviews of New Books

"[T]ruly a unique and remarkable achievement. Its subject . . . is . . . of great cultural and scientific importance. . . . Each of the book's eleven chapters is a marvel of conciseness and good writing. . . . Readers will have their horizons broadened in a way they would have thought impossible. . . . It is should be read by all interested in social history and its ramifications." — Alan D. Corré, Digest of Middle East Studies

"Curious readers will have been enticed by the illustrations and already noticed how the central chapters offer contextualized readings of Ottoman court poetry and illustrate key themes and their links to Renaissance culture in Italy, France, and England. . . . [T]he authors offer brilliant close readings of gazels by Baki and Hayali that show us how to read such works and appreciate the heteroglossic interplay which makes Ottoman court poetry so fascinating and beyond summary here." — Gerald Maclean , Times Literary Supplement

“The Age of Beloveds is a treasure and a masterpiece. With breathtakingly extensive original research, it is beautifully written, in a style both inviting and impressive. It is the fruit of a lifetime’s project to add Ottoman literature to the canons of world literature.” — Victoria Holbrook, author of The Unreadable Shores of Love: Turkish Modernity and Mystic Romance

“The Age of Beloveds is a unique and powerful book. There is nothing remotely like this out there and yet as one reads it one is struck by the dire need for the sort of basic information and insights it provides about the other half of the Mediterranean during the early modern period.” — María Rosa Menocal, author of Shards of Love: Exile and the Origins of the Lyric

“A wonderful and brave book that is so fun to read. . . . An astonishing account of love and the beloved where they intersect with sex, spirituality, politics and power. . . . Amazing!” — Orhan Pamuk, author My Name Is Red


The Age of Beloveds: Love and the Beloved in Early-Modern Ottoman and European Culture and Society

https://www.amazon.com/Age-Beloveds-Beloved-Early-Modern-European/dp/0822334240

The Age of Beloveds offers a rich introduction to early modern Ottoman culture through a study of its beautiful lyric love poetry. At the same time, it suggests provocative cross-cultural parallels in the sociology and spirituality of love in Europe—from Istanbul to London—during the long sixteenth century. Walter G. Andrews and Mehmet Kalpakli provide a generous sampling of translations of Ottoman poems, many of which have never appeared in English, along with informative and inspired close readings. The authors explain that the flourishing of Ottoman power and culture during the “Turkish Renaissance” manifested itself, to some degree, as an “age of beloveds,” in which young men became the focal points for the desire and attention of powerful officeholders and artists as well as the inspiration for a rich literature of love.

The authors show that the “age of beloveds” was not just an Ottoman, eastern European, or Islamic phenomenon. It extended into western Europe as well, pervading the cultures of Venice, Florence, Rome, and London during the same period. Andrews and Kalpakli contend that in an age dominated by absolute rulers and troubled by war, cultural change, and religious upheaval, the attachments of dependent courtiers and the longings of anxious commoners aroused an intense interest in love and the beloved. The Age of Beloveds reveals new commonalities in the cultural history of two worlds long seen as radically different.


The Age of Beloveds: Love and the Beloved in Early-Modern Ottoman and European Culture and Society

https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/1169816.The_Age_of_Beloveds



Walter G. Andrews Professor of Ottoman and Turkish Literature

https://faculty.washington.edu/walter/


Walter Andrews  Research Professor Emeritus

https://nelc.washington.edu/people/walter-andrews



Mehmet Kalpaklı BİYOGRAFİ / BIOGRAPHY

http://mehmetkalpakli.com/biography/


Mehmet Kalpaklı, 1984 yılında İstanbul Üniversitesi Türk Dili ve Edebiyatı Bölümü’nden lisans derecesini aldı. 1986 yılında Mimar Sinan Üniversitesi Türk Edebiyatı Bölümü’nde Divan şairlerinden Fevrî hakkındaki tez çalışmasıyla yüksek lisansını tamamladı. İstanbul Üniversitesi Eski Türk Edebiyatı Ana Bilim Dalı’nda başladığı  tezini  1992 yılında ABD Seattle’da Washington Üniversitesi’nde Yakındoğu Dillleri ve Medeniyeti Bölümü’nde tamamladı. Tez konusu Osmanlı metinlerinin edisyonunda bilgisayar kullanımı üzerinedir. Bugüne kadar İngilizce ve Türkçe olarak, Divan şiiri ve Osmanlı kültür tarihi hakkında pek çok makale, ansiklopedi maddesi kaleme alan, bildiri ve konferans veren Dr. Kalpaklı’nın en önemli yayınları arasında Walter G. Andrews ve Najaat Black ile birlikte hazırladıkları Ottoman Lyric Poetry: An Anthology [Osmanlı Lirik Şiiri Antolojisi] başlıklı çalışma (The Texas University Press, 1997;  Expanded Edition, University of Washington Press, 2006) ile 2005’te yayımlanan Walter Andrews’la birlikte yazdıkları: The Age of Beloveds: Love and Beloved in Early-Modern Ottoman and European Culture and Society [Sevgililer Çağı: Erken Modern Dönem Osmanlı ve Avrupa’da Aşk ve Sevgili] (Duke University Press) sayılabilir.  Bunun yanı sıra edisyonunu yaptığı çeşitli kitaplar vardır.  Bunlar arasında: Osmanlı Divan Şiiri Üzerine Metinler (Yapı Kredi Yayınları, 1999), Binbir Gece’ye Bakışlar (Neslihan Demirkol ile, Turkuaz Yayınları, 2010), Ali Fuad Türkgeldi’nin Maruf Simalar‘ı (S. Akşin Somel ile, Türk Tarih Kurumu Yayınları, 2013) vardır. İngilizce-Türkçe ve Türkçe-İngilizce olarak yaptığı çeviriler ile Osmanlıca’dan çevrimyazı ve sadeleştirme çalışmaları bulunan Dr. Mehmet Kalpaklı’nın Divan şiirinin arşivlenmesinde ve analizinde bilgisayar kullanımına ilişkin çalışmaları bulunmaktadır.  Ve halen, bu konuda Bilkent ve Washington üniversitelerinin ortak projesini yürütmektedir. Avrupa Konseyi destekli ve altı ülkenin katılımıyla gerçekleşen “Venetian Trade and Cultural Routes” [Venedik Ticaret ve Kültür Rotaları] projesinin (2013-2014) Türkiye ayağını yürütmüştür. Dr. Kalpaklı, 2007-2014 yılları arasında UNESCO Türkiye Milli Komisyonu Yönetim Kurulu üyesi ve Kültürlerarası Diyalog İhtisas Komitesi başkanlığı yapmıştır. Ayrıca, UNESCO The International Institute for Central Asian Studies (Uluslararası Ortaasya Araştırmaları Merkezi) Bilim Konseyi Üyesi (2011-2014) ve Başbakanlık Medeniyetler İttifakı Eşgüdüm Komitesi Gözlemci Üyesi (2011-2014) görevlerinde bulunmuştur.

Mehmet Kalpaklı, hâlen, Bilkent Üniversitesi’nde İnsani Bilimler ve Edebiyat Fakültesinin Dekan Yardımcısı olarak görev yapmaktadır. Aynı zamanda Tarih Bölümü (İİSBF) ile Türk Edebiyatı (İBEF)  Bölümlerinin Başkanı’dır. Ek olarak, Halil İnalcık Osmanlı Araştırmaları Merkezi Müdürlüğü ve Türk Edebiyatı Merkezi Müdürlüğü görevini de yürütmektedir.


Assoc. Prof. Mehmet Kalpaklı (Chair)

http://turkishlit.bilkent.edu.tr/en/people/full-time-faculty/mehmet-kalpakli/

Mehmet Kalpaklı is Chair of the Departments of History and of Turkish Literature at Bilkent University. He also serves as the Director of the Halil İnalcık Center for Ottoman Studies and the Director of the Center for Turkish Literature. He started his Ph.D. research at Istanbul University and finished it at the University of Washington in 1992. His specialization is in Ottoman literature and cultural history of the Ottoman Empire. He is also working on several digital humanities projects as the co-founder and as an active participant in the Ottoman Text Editing Project (OTAP), a collaborative project between the University of Washington and Bilkent University. Some of his publications are: The Age of Beloveds: Love and The Beloved in Early Modern Ottoman Turkish and European Literature, Culture, and Society (with Walter G. Andrews), Duke University Press, USA 2005; Ottoman Lyric Poetry: An Anthology, (with Walter Andrews and Najaat Black), The University of Texas Press, 1997, and expanded edition: University of Washington Press in 2006; Osmanlı Divan Şiiri Üzerine Metinler (İstanbul: Yapı Kredi Press, 1999; Maruf Simalar of Ali Fuat Türkgeldi, (with S. Akşin Somel) Turkish Historical Society Press, Ankara, 2013; Binbir Gece’ye Bakışlar, (with Neslihan Demirkol), Turkuaz Press, İstanbul, 2010; and the Complete Works of Halide Edib Adıvar (with others, 18 books) Özgür Press/Can Press, (1995-2015).


Kalpakli, Mehmet 1964–

https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/educational-magazines/kalpakli-mehmet-1964

Born June 1, 1964, in Istanbul, Turkey; son of Ali Turgut and Ayse Kalpakli; married Suat Yesim Aktan, August 2, 1988; children: Ali Sinan. Education: Istanbul University and University of Washington, Ph.D., 1991.

Home—Ankara, Turkey. Office—Department of History, Faculty of Economic,Administrative, and Social Sciences (FEASS), Bilkent University, Ankara-Bilkent 06800, Turkey.

E-mail—kalpakli@bilkent.edu.tr.

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