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Datum objave: 27.01.2018

The date of the liberation of Auschwitz is now marked as Holocaust Memorial Day

HELL ON EARTH Where is Auschwitz, how many people died in the concentration camp during the Holocaust and can you take a tour today?

The date of the liberation of Auschwitz is now marked as Holocaust Memorial Day

Auschwitz concentration camp

Josef Mengele was behind many degrading medical experiments at Auschwitz

HELL ON EARTH Where is Auschwitz, how many people died in the concentration camp during the Holocaust and can you take a tour today?

The camp was the scene of the most appalling mass murder in human history where over a million people lost their lives

AUSCHWITZ, the largest of the Nazi death camps, was the scene of the most appalling mass murder in human history.

During the Holocaust over a million people – the vast majority of them Jews – lost their lives at the sprawling complex. Here is the history of the concentration camp.

Where is Auschwitz?

Auschwitz concentration camp was constructed in the suburbs of the Polish city Oświęcim, near the modern nation's southern border, in 1940.

The site was already the location of 16 dilapidated buildings, which had previously housed soldiers and workers.

After annexing that region of Poland during the early stages of World War Two, by April 1940 the Nazi regime needed somewhere to house to Polish political prisoners, with local jails full.

The majority of local residents were evicted to make way for German citizens, and Jewish workers from Oświęcim were forced to lay the foundations of the camp.

A month after plans were approved, the first prisoners arrived the initial camp, Auschwitz I, and within a year over 10,000 people were imprisoned there.

When it was complete, it held around 15,000 inmates in appallingly cramped conditions, with numbers sometimes rising above 20, How many people died in the concentration camp?

The sheer scale of mass murder involved in the Holocaust means it's impossible to calculate a precise figure.

In total, an estimated 1.3 million people were sent to Auschwitz – and at least 1.1 million of these died.

Around 90% of the dead were Jewish, representing approximately a sixth of all Jews killed in the Holocaust.

The rest of the inmates were comprised of Polish and Soviet prisoners, thousands of Romany people and an unknown number imprisoned for being homosexual.

When the mass killings were at their peak, up to 6,000 Jews were being gassed per day, with the cyanide-based pesticide Zyklon B the weapon of choice.000.

Those not killed in the gas chambers perished from starvation, forced labour and the infectious diseases that spread unchecked through the camps.

The quality of life at Auschwitz was appalling – a true hell on earth.

When they weren't being worked to death, inmates were crammed together in unhygienic, inhumane conditions, and lived with the constant threat of punishment or torture at the hands of the SS guards.

Furthermore, prisoners were subjected to degrading, often fatal medical experiments at the hands of twisted doctors such as the notorious Josef Mengele.

With the Nazis rapidly losing ground against the Soviet Red Army in the latter stages of the war, Auschwitz was evacuated and much of it demolished.

At the start of 1945 the remaining prisoners were forced westwards into a "death march", with many thousands perishing in the harsh winter conditions.

The camp was liberated on January 26 by the rapidly advancing Soviet troops – the date is now commemorated each year as Holocaust Memorial Day.

World Marks Holocaust Remembrance Day

The world marks Holocaust Remembrance Day Saturday, the anniversary of the liberation of the Auschwitz Nazi death camp in 1945.

The U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington hosted officials from around the world to remember the genocide.

European Union Ambassador David O’Sullivan said that museums remembering the Holocaust are essential for future generations to learn about the past atrocities.

EU Ambassador: New Generation Needs to Keep Memory Alive

European Union Ambassador David O'Sullivan said that museums remembering the Holocaust are essential for future generations to learn about the past atrocities and never forget them.

“The new generation also needs people, stories and places to keep the memory alive. To make sure we keep the promise made at the end of the Holocaust — Never Again,” O’Sullivan said.

Museum officials also read a letter from Dr. Muhammad Al-Issa, secretary-general of the Muslim World League based in Saudi Arabia, who wrote, “Who in their right mind would accept, sympathize or even diminish the extent of this brutal crime?”

First lady Melania Trump was among those who toured the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum Friday and tweeted that she experienced a “powerful and moving tour.” She posted a photograph of her lighting a candle at the Prayer Wall

On Saturday in the Polish capital of Warsaw, U.S. Secretary of State Tillerson paid tribute to Holocaust victims by placing a wreath and making remarks at the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising Monument.

"On this occasion it reminds us that we can never, we can never, be indifferent to the face of evil. The Western alliance which emerged from World War Two has committed itself to ensuring the security of all, that this would never happen again."

The U.N. Security Council announced Friday that its members will visit the U.S. Holocaust Museum on Monday as part of a trip to Washington, where they will also have lunch with President Donald Trump.

The White House on Friday recognized International Holocaust Remembrance Day with a message that said, “We acknowledge this dark stain on human history and vow to never let it happen again.”

The statement specifically mentioned the 6 million Jews killed by the Nazis, following criticism last year that it made no mention of Jews in its statement.

“Tomorrow [Saturday] marks the 73rd anniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz-Birkenau, the Nazi death and concentration camp in Poland,” the statement said.

“We take this opportunity to recall the Nazis’ systematic persecution and brutal murder of 6 million Jewish people. In their death camps and under their inhuman rule, the Nazis also enslaved and killed millions of Slavs, Roma, gays, people with disabilities, priests and religious leaders, and

Last year, the White House defended its omission of Jews from the statement with Hope Hicks, now the White House communications director, saying that “despite what the media reports, we are an incredibly inclusive group, and we took into account all of those who suffered.”

At the United Nations, U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said in a statement Friday that “decades since the Second World War, we see the persistence of anti-Semitism and an increase in other forms of prejudice.”

He said the world remembers the 6 million Jews who died in the Holocaust and said, “All of us have a responsibility to quickly, clearly and decisively resist racism and violence.”

Saved by Ukrainian Family, Jewish Boy Lived to Become Nobel Laureate

January 27 is the day the international community observes Holocaust Remembrance Day by recalling the horrors committed during World War II by Nazi Germany and the bravery of those who risked their lives to save persecuted Jews and others from Nazi death camps. Tatiana Vorozhko and Kostiantyn Golubchyk of VOA's Ukrainian Service tell the amazing story of a Jewish boy who was saved by a Ukrainian family and later grew up to be a Nobel Laureate in Chemistry.


Holocaust Memorial Day takes place on 27 January each year. It’s a time for everyone to pause to remember the millions of people who have been murdered or whose lives have been changed beyond recognition during the Holocaust, Nazi Persecution and in subsequent genocides in Cambodia, Rwanda, Bosnia and Darfur. On HMD we can honour the survivors of these regimes and challenge ourselves to use the lessons of their experience to inform our lives today. 27 January marks the liberation of Auschwitz-Birkenau, the largest Nazi death camp.

HMD is a time when we seek to learn the lessons of the past and to recognise that genocide does not just take place on its own, it’s a steady process which can begin if discrimination, racism and hatred are not checked and prevented. We’re fortunate here in the UK; we are not at risk of genocide. However, discrimination has not ended, nor has the use of the language of hatred or exclusion. There is still much to do to create a safer future and HMD is an opportunity to start this process.

The aims of HMD are laid out in the statement of commitment. HMD activity organisers bring together the diverse strands of their communities to commemorate Holocaust Memorial Day in their neighbourhoods. This is a real demonstration of how the lessons of the past can inform our lives today and ensure that everyone works together to create a safer, better future.

Deveti Krug 1960 / Domaci film I. od II Deo

Deveti Krug 1960 / Domaci film II. od II Deo

Deveti krug (1960.)

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